Christian and Missionary Alliance
   The Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA) grew out of the ministry of Canadian-born Presbyterian minister Albert Benjamin Simpson (18431919). Simpson's ministry was shaped by an experience of healing at a Holiness camp meeting and his own zeal for evangelism. He left the Presbyterian Church in 1882 to found an independent congregation and start a magazine devoted to missionary concerns. The work blossomed into the Christian Alliance, consisting of like-minded independent congregations, and the Missionary Alliance, which sponsored missionaries overseas. in 1887, the two organizations merged.
   Simpson adopted a version of the Holiness theology in which sanctification made the believer holy as part of the Christian life. He also developed a Christocentric theology that centered on Christ as Savior, Sanctifier, Healer, and Coming King - popularly known as the Four-fold Gospel.
   The alliance was a growing evangelistic church in North America, but its real spirit was channeled into support for missions. During its first decade it sent out more than 200 missionaries. in the 20th century, it developed work in some 50 countries. Many of the mission churches later became autonomous bodies and were reorganized as a set of partnership churches through the Alliance World Fellowship. In 1974, the alliance, which had operated as a fellowship of independent congregations, reorganized and declared itself a denomination.
   in 2003, the CMA reported some 350,000 affiliated believers worshipping in approximately 2,000 churches in the United States. One-fourth of the congregations predominantly serve new immigrants and minority groups. The alliance supports around 700 missionaries. The World Alliance community numbers more than 2 million people.
   Further reading:
   ■ H. D. Ayer, The Christian and Missionary Alliance (Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 2001)
   ■ J. H. Hunter, Beside All Waters: The Story of Seventy-Five Years of World-Wide Ministry: The Christian and Missionary Alliance (Harrisburg, Pa.: Christian Publications, 1964)
   ■ Robert L. Niklaus, To All Peoples: Missions World Book of the Christian and Missionary Alliance (Camp Hill, Pa.: Christian Publications, 1990)
   ■ ----, John S. Sawin and Smuel J. Stoesz, All for Jesus: God at Work in the Christian and Missionary Alliance Over One Hundred Years (Camp Hill, Pa.: Christian Publications, 1986): Lindsay Reynolds, Footprints; the Beginnings of the Christian & Missionary Alliance in Canada (Toronto: Christian & Missionary Alliance, 1981).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christian and Missionary Alliance — Classification Protestant Orientation Evangelical Polity Mixed. Elements of Congregationalist, Presbyterian and non sacramental Episcopalian …   Wikipedia

  • Christian and Missionary Alliance — ▪ Protestant group       missionary and evangelistic movement that developed from the work of Albert B. Simpson (died 1919), a Presbyterian minister who left that church to become an independent evangelist in New York City. In 1887 Simpson and… …   Universalium

  • Christian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines — Jesus Christ is our Savior, Sanctifier, Healer and the Coming King Classification Protestant Orientation Evangelical Christian Associations Philipp …   Wikipedia

  • Christian and Missionary Alliance Sun Kei Secondary School — Emblem of Christian and Missionary Alliance Sun Kei Secondary School Christian and Missionary Alliance Sun Kei Secondary School (Chinese: 基督教宣道會宣基中學) is a Secondary School which is located in Tseung Kwan O , Hong Kong. This school is proclaimed… …   Wikipedia

  • Alliance chretienne et missionnaire — Alliance chrétienne et missionnaire Sous catégorie Évangélisme Et articles connexes Le credo symbole …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Alliance International School — Location Kowloon City, Hong Kong Information Type Private Established 1992 Principal Arthur Enns Grades Kindergarten Grade 12 …   Wikipedia

  • Christian primitivism — See also: Restorationism (disambiguation) Part of a series on the History of Christian Theology …   Wikipedia

  • Christian denomination — See also: Denominationalism, List of Christian denominations, List of Christian denominations by number of members, and Christian Church Part of a series on Christianity …   Wikipedia

  • Christian heresy — Part of a series on the History of Christian Theology …   Wikipedia

  • Alliance World Fellowship —    The Alliance World Fellowship is a network of Evangelical missions and independent churches in some 100 countries.    The Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA) can be traced to the 1883 formation of the Missionary Union for the… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”