Edward VI
( 15 3 7-1553)
   child: kino; of England under whom Protestantism flourished
   The boy king (r. 1547-1553) who became the instrument of the Reformation in England, Edward VI, the son of HENRY VIII and his third wife, Jane Seymour, was born on October 12, 1537. He became king in 1547 at the age of nine.
   The Council of Regency that ruled on Edward's behalf was dominated by Edward Seymour, duke of Somerset. Together with the Protestant-leaning archbishop Thomas CRANMER, Seymour worked to further the Reformation cause. He ordered a royal visitation of all the parishes, distributing to each priest a copy of Cranmer's Book of Homilies, Erasmus's Paraphrase of the New Testament, and most important, the new Book of Common PRAYER written by Cranmer, which supplied an order of worship to replace the Roman Catholic Mass. Parliament repealed the Six Articles, Henry's Roman Catholic statement of belief, ordered all relics and images removed from parish sanctuaries, dropped rules on fasting, and released priests from their vows of celibacy. Cran-mer recruited Protestant intellectuals from the Continent to take up residence at British universities. Their Calvinist beliefs influenced the Forty-two Articles issued by Cranmer toward the end of Edward's reign.
   Edward died on July 6, 1553. His sister and successor, MARY I, systematically reversed all the Protestant reforms undertaken during his five-year reign.
   Further reading:
   ■ Arther G. Dickens, The English Reformation, rev. ed. (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991)
   ■ Christopher Haigh, English Reformations: Religion, Politics, and Society under the Tudors (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993)
   ■ C. S. Knighton, ed. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series Edward VI1547-1553 (London: Public Record Office, 1992)
   ■ Alison Weir, The Children of Henry VIII (New York: Ballantine Books, 1996).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

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  • Edward VI — 1537 53, king of England 1547 53 (son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour). * * * born Oct. 12, 1537, London, Eng. died July 6, 1553, London King of England and Ireland (1547–53). Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, Edward succeeded to the throne… …   Universalium

  • Edward VI — (1537–53)    Monarch.    Edward VI was the son of King Henry VIII of England by his third wife, Jane Seymour. A sickly, scholarly boy, he succeeded to the throne at the age of ten. During his reign, the country was ruled by the Privy Council, led …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Edward VI — noun King of England and Ireland from 1547 to 1553; son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour; died of tuberculosis (1537 1553) • Syn: ↑Edward • Instance Hypernyms: ↑King of England, ↑King of Great Britain * * * 1537 53, king of England 1547 53 (son of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Edward VI — Edward the Sixth, king of England from January 28th, 1547, to July 6th, 1553 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • EDWARD VI —    king of England (1547 1553), son of Henry VIII. and Jane Seymour; his reign, which was a brief one, was marked by a victory over the Scots at Pinkie (1547), Catholic and agrarian risings, and certain ecclesiastical reforms (1537 1553) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Edward VI — n. (1537 1553) King of England and Ireland (1547 1553), son of king Henry VIII and Jane Seymour …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Edward VI — /ˈɛdwəd/ (say edwuhd) noun 1537–53, king of England 1547–53 (son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour) …   Australian English dictionary

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