- Finished Work controversy
- The Finished Work controversy was a dispute that arose in the early Pentecostal movement in America. At the Azusa Street revival in Los Angeles (1906-08), the seminal event in Pentecostalism, leader William J. Seymour preached sanctification according to the understanding of the Methodist Holiness movement, from which he came. A Christian's life moved from justification (or conversion) as one phase, to God's promise to cleanse the heart and sanctify the believer fully as the next. The experience of the baptism of the Holy Spirit, and its accompanying sign of speaking in tongues, was only for the sanctified believer.William H. Durham (1873-1912), who did not come from a Holiness background, began to criticize this view from his base in Chicago. He followed the general Lutheran and Reformed view that Christ's "finished work" of atonement provided for both justification and sanctification. Sanctification was not a second instantaneous work of the Holy Spirit; it was a gradual process of acquiring in one's life all that had been accomplished at Calvary. Durham lobbied for his views in Los Angeles in 1911 and as people aligned with Durham, the Pentecostal movement split into two camps.Those who had previously been Methodists and/or Holiness people rejected Durham's views. They founded such groups as the Church of God (Cleveland,Tennessee), the International Pentecostal Holiness Church, and the Church of God in Christ. Those who followed Durham's view founded the Assemblies of God, the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, and the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada.Further reading:■ Frank Bartleman, How Pentecost Came to Los Angeles (Northridge, Calif.: Voice Christian, 1968)■ Vinson Synan, The Century of the Holy Spirit: 100 Years of Pentecostal and Charismatic Revival (Nashville, Tenn.: Thomas Nelson, 2001)■ A. C. Valdez, Jr., Fire on Azusa Street (Costa Mesa, Calif.: Gift Publications, 1980).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
Look at other dictionaries:
Controversy Tour — Tour by Prince Location United States Associated album Controversy Start date November 20, 1981 End date … Wikipedia
Controversy Creates Cash — Controversy Creates Ca$h Bische.jpg Author(s) … Wikipedia
Unfinished work — An unfinished work is a creative work that has not been finished. Its creator might have chosen never to finish it, or have been prevented by circumstances outside of his or her control (including death). Such pieces are often the subject of… … Wikipedia
Nature fakers controversy — Illustration from William J. Long s School of the Woods (1902), showing an otter teaching her young to swim The nature fakers controversy was an early 20th century American literary debate highlighting the conflict between science and sentiment… … Wikipedia
Twain–Ament indemnities controversy — The Twain–Ament indemnities controversy was a major cause célèbre in the United States of America in 1901 as a consequence of the published reactions of American humorist Mark Twain to reports of Rev. William Scott Ament and other missionaries… … Wikipedia
Renault Formula One crash controversy — The wrecked Renault R28 car driven by Nelson Piquet, Jr. at the centre of the controversy The Renault Formula One crash controversy, dubbed Crashgate by some in the media, … Wikipedia
Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy — The controversial cartoons of Muhammad, as they were first published in Jyllands Posten in September 2005 (English version). Th … Wikipedia
Men at Work — This article is about the band. For other uses, see Men at Work (disambiguation). Men at Work Origin St. Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Genres Rock, New Wave, pop rock Years active 1979–1986 19 … Wikipedia
Corset controversy — The corset controversy is an ensemble of letters and articles concerning the corset that appeared in newspapers and periodicals in the 19th century. Contents 1 Introduction … Wikipedia
Uranium mining controversy in Kakadu National Park — Kakadu National Park, located in the Northern Territory of Australia, possesses within its boundaries a number of large uranium deposits. The uranium is legally owned by the Australian Government, and is sold internationally. This mining, and the … Wikipedia