Foxe's Book of Martyrs
   The Book of Martyrs is a famous Protestant text documenting the persecution of Christians through the ages, with a special focus on Protestants executed during the reign of Queen MARY I (r. 1553-58) of England. Written at the time of the Protestant breakaway from the Roman Catholic community, it was both a record of the intensity of the controversy and a means in later years to keep the enmity between the two communities alive.
   The author, John Foxe (1516-87), was born in Boston, Lincolnshire, England. He was expelled from Oxford University for his Protestant ideas, then worked as a tutor until the beginning of Mary's reign. Shortly thereafter, he left for the Continent. At Basel, he began his multivolume history of Christianity with particular attention to the theme of martyrdom. As Protestant leaders were being executed by Mary, he accepted a suggestion to add current material to his history, which was first published in Latin in 1554, with the material on Mary appearing in 1559.
   Following the coronation of Elizabeth I, Foxe returned to England and set about the task of translating his book. The English edition appeared in 1563 under various titles, including Acts and Monuments. The book was ordered to be placed in every cathedral church in England. It enjoyed widespread sales, going through four editions during Foxe's life, and confirming Protestant opinion of the cruelty of Catholics in general and "Bloody Mary" in particular. It would help mold
   Protestant-Catholic relations in the English-speaking world into the 20th century.
   Foxe's text recounts the history of martyrdom in Western Christianity, squarely placing much of the blame at Rome's door. About half of the text concerns the trials that began with protoProtestants such as John HUS and John WYCLIFFE. Foxe died on April 18, 1587. His book has gone through numerous editions (under various titles), and new material was added on Protestant martyrs in the post-Reformation era.
   See also Marian exiles; Puritanism.
   Further reading:
   ■ John Foxe, The New Foxe's Book of Martyrs, rewritten and updated by Harold J. Chad-wick (Gainesville, Fla.: Bridge-Logos, 2001) - one of many editions; Christopher Highley and John N. King, ed., John Foxe and His World (Aldershot, Hampshire, U.K.: Ashgate, 2001)
   ■ D. M. Loades, ed., John Foxe: An Historical Perspective (Aldershot, Hampshire, U.K.: Ashgate, 1999)
   ■ James Frederic Mozley, John Foxe and His Book (London: SPCK: 1940)
   ■ V Norskov Olsen, John Foxe and the Elizabethan Church (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foxe's Book of Martyrs — • Protestant martyrology, from Wyclif to Cranmer, illustrated with woodcuts. The author was a controversialist sympathetic to John Knox Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Foxe s Book of Martyrs     Foxe s Book of Mart …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Foxe's Book of Martyrs — Foxe’s Book of Martyrs [Foxes Book of Martyrs] (also Acts and Monuments of these Latter and Perilous Days ; ) a book (1554) written by John Foxe (1516–87). It describes the deaths of the many British ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Foxe's Book of Martyrs — The Book of Martyrs , by John Foxe, is an apocalyptically oriented, English Protestant account of the persecutions of Protestants, mainly in England, many of whom had died for their beliefs within the decade immediately preceding its first… …   Wikipedia

  • Foxe’s Book of Martyrs — (also Acts and Monuments of these Latter and Perilous Days) a book (1554) written by John Foxe (1516–87). It describes the deaths of the many British Protestants who were killed because of their religious beliefs when the Catholic Mary I was… …   Universalium

  • Book of Martyrs, Foxe's — • Protestant martyrology, from Wyclif to Cranmer, illustrated with woodcuts. The author was a controversialist sympathetic to John Knox Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • FOXE, John — (1517 1587) John Foxe was a zealous proponent of the English Reformation, renowned as the compiler of Acts and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days (first edition, 1563), known popularly as The Book of Martyrs. This monumental collection… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Foxe, John — (1516–87)    Historian.    Foxe was a native of Lincolnshire and was educated at the University of Oxford. He was acquainted with John bale who encouraged his interest in history and he was ordained in 1550 by Nicholas ridley. During the reign of …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Martyrs Mirror — Anabaptist Dirk Willems rescues his pursuer and is subsequently burned at the stake in 1569. The Martyrs Mirror or The Bloody Theater, first published in 1660 in Dutch by Thieleman J. van Braght, documents the stories and testimonies of Christian …   Wikipedia

  • FOXE, John — (1516 1587)    English Protestant and author of Acts and Monuments of Matters Happening in the Church popularly known as Foxe s Book of Martyrs which documented ROMAN CATHOLIC persecution of PROTESTANTS. For at least two centuries this book was… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Foxe, John —  (1516–1587) English clergyman, most remembered for the book commonly known as Foxe’s Book of Martyrs; not to be confused with George Fox (1624–1691), founder of the Society of Friends, or Quakers …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”