Jordan
   Jordan's rich religious history is punctuated by the entrance of Christianity in the first century C.E. and the establishment of Muslim dominance in the seventh century.
   Thanks to the weakening of the ottoman Empire, Protestantism was introduced in 1860 by Anglicans associated with the Church Missionary Society. Today, the church supports several schools and a home for the aged. About the same time, Lutherans (with German and American support) began work in the region, and a single congregation was established in what is now Jordan. The Society of Friends (Quakers) also began a small work in the 1860s.
   The Christian and Missionary Alliance was the first of several groups to enter following World War I, as the Ottoman Empire collapsed. The Assemblies of God, which initiated work in 1929, has become the second-largest Protestant church, next to the Anglicans. The Seventh-day Adventist Church arrived in 1932. The Southern Baptist Convention has supported a small work begun in 1943.
   The Protestant/Free Church community in Jordan remains small, with fewer than 20,000 believers. There is no council of churches, though the Anglicans, as part of the Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East, and the Jordanian Lutherans participate in the Middle East Council of Churches. Since the 1990s, Evangelicals have reported more freedom to openly proselytize and have been allowed to offer free Bibles. However, Muslim converts to Christianity (as opposed to Catholic or Orthodox converts to Protestantism) face penalties from the government, as it is against the law for a Muslim to convert to Christianity.
   See also Middle East.
   Further reading:
   ■ David Barrett, The Encyclopedia of World Christianity, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)
   ■ J. Herbert Kane, A Global View of Christian Missions (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1971).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JORDAN — (Heb. הַ)יַּרְדֵּן), river flowing from the Anti Lebanon mountains south through Lake Kinneret and emptying into the Dead Sea. The name Jordan is first attested in the 13th century B.C.E. Papyrus Anastasi 1 (13:1). In the Septuagint the Hebrew… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jordan — DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jordán — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Toponimia 2 Personajes 2.1 Nombre 2.2 Apellido 3 Véase t …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jordan —     The Jordan     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Jordan     (in Hebrew Yâdên, from the root Yârâd, to descend).     The difference of elevation between the highest point of this river (1847 feet above the sea level) and the lowest (1286 feet… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jordan — Jordan, MT U.S. town in Montana Population (2000): 364 Housing Units (2000): 233 Land area (2000): 0.355158 sq. miles (0.919855 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.355158 sq. miles (0.919855 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Jordan — prop. n. A landlocked country of the Middle East, surrounded by Israel, Iraq, Syria, and Saudi Arabia, and that area on the west bank of the Jordan river which was once claimed by Jordan, and is at present occupied by Israel and in part governed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jordán — may refer to:* Elisabeth Jordán, a Spanish actress * Germán Jordán Province, province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia * Jordán Pond, pond inside city Tábor, South Bohemian Region, the Czech Republicee also* Giordano * Jordan… …   Wikipedia

  • Jordan — Jor dan, Jorden Jor den, n. [Prob. fr. the river Jordan, and shortened fr. Jordan bottle a bottle of water from the Jordan, brought back by pilgrims.] [1913 Webster] 1. A pot or vessel with a large neck, formerly used by physicians and alchemists …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jordán — (Por alus. al río Jordán). m. Cosa que remoza, hermosea y purifica. ir alguien al Jordán. fr. coloq. Remozarse o convalecer …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Jordan — Jordan1 [jôrd ′n] n. a masculine and feminine name Jordan2 [jôrd′ n] David Starr [stär] 1851 1931; U.S. educator & naturalist Jordan3 [jôrd′ n] 1. river in the Near East, flowing from the Anti Lebanon mountains south through the Sea of Galilee,… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”