- Morrison, Robert
- ( 17 82-1834 )first Protestant missionary in ChinaOf Scottish descent, Morrison was born on January 5, 1782, and grew up at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England. He was apprenticed to a shoemaker but spent his leisure time reading religious texts. In 1803, he began a year at the Independent Academy at Hoxton, which prepared him to apply for support as a missionary by the London Missionary SOCIETY, which represented Congregationalists. After studying Chinese, he received his appointment to Canton.The East india Company opposed the presence of Christian missionaries in territories it controlled and refused to transport Morrison to his station. Morrison sailed for the United States in 1807, where James Madison, then secretary of state, presented him with an introduction to the American consul in Canton. Christian merchants at oliphant & Co. transported him the rest of the way to China. Once in Canton, he worked as a translator for the East india Company; the job afforded him legal residence status and the time to complete a Chinese grammar and a translation of the New Testament, both published in 1814. Nevertheless, he had to operate discreetly, in light of a law against publishing books in Chinese. He lived a low-key existence and adopted local dress.In 1820, Morrison helped found the Anglo-Chinese College at Malacca (where Milne then moved), both to continue the linguistic work and to train native evangelists who could work throughout the mainland without the legal restraints imposed on Europeans.In 1821, Morrison completed his Chinese Dictionary, the six volumes of which were published by the East India Company. On a visit to England, he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1824. He returned to China in 1826, where he continued his work at translating and publishing Christian literature in Chinese. He died at Canton on August 1, 1834.Though Morrison made few converts directly after he baptized Tsai A-Ko (or Chai Agao), in 1814, his Bible, dictionaries, and other writings proved invaluable to the future army of missionaries who would arrive from a spectrum of Protestant groups, His gravesite in the Protestant cemetery in Macau remains a pilgrimage site.Further reading:■ Maurice Broomhall, Robert Morrison, a Master-Builder (London: Livingstone Press, 1924)■ Robert Morrison, A Dictionary of the Chinese Language, 6 vols. (London: Black, Parbury & Allen, 1815-23); , A Parting Memorial: consisting of miscellaneous discourses, written and preached in China; at Singapore; on board ship at sea, in the Indian Ocean; at the Cape of Good Hope; and in England; with remarks on missions, &c. &c. (London: W. Simpkin & R. Marshall, 1826)■ Murray A. Rubenstein, The Origins of the Anglo-American Missionary Enterprise in China, 1807-1840 (Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 1996), ATLA monograph series no. 33.
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
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Morrison, Robert — (1782–1834) Missionary. Morrison was born in Northumberland, England, and was largely self educated. He was sponsored by the London Missionary Society to translate and distribute the Bible in China. He was ordained and sailed for Canton in… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Morrison, Robert — ▪ British missionary born Jan. 5, 1782, Buller s Green, Northumberland, Eng. died Aug. 1, 1834, Canton, China Presbyterian minister, translator, and the London Missionary Society s first missionary to China; he is considered the father of… … Universalium
MORRISON, ROBERT — first missionary to China, and Chinese scholar, born of Scottish parentage at Morpeth; entered the Independent ministry, and was sent to Macao and Canton by the London Missionary Society in 1807; in 1814 he published a Chinese version of the… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Robert Morrison (missionary) — Robert Morrison First Protestant Missionary to China Born 5 January 1782(1782 01 05) Bullers Green, Morpeth, Northumberland, England … Wikipedia
Robert Morrison — (* 5. Januar 1782 in Bullers Green, England; † 1834 in Macao) war ein schottischer Presbyterianer. Leben Schon als Jugendlicher beschäftigte sich Morrison viel mit der Bibel und lernte die Altsprachen Griechisch, Hebräisch und Lateinisch. Auch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Morrison — Morrison, Robert, engl. Sinolog, geb. 5. Jan. 1782 in Morpeth, gest. 1. Aug. 1834 in Kanton, wurde von der B. itischen Bibelgesellschaft 1807 nach Macao und Kanton gesendet, um das Chinesische zu erlernen und dann die Bibel in diese Sprache zu… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
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