- Selwyn, George Augustus
- (1809-1878)Protestant pioneer in New Zealand and MelanesiaSelwyn was born at Hampstead, England, on April 5, 1809. He received his M.A. from St. John's College at Cambridge University in 1834, and was ordained a priest in the Church of England in 1834. In 1841, he accepted appointment as the first bishop of New Zealand. Selwyn learned Maori on the sea voyage, and began to develop a facility with languages that later enabled him to learn other island languages.From his base at the Bay of Islands station of the Church Missionary Society (CMS), Selwyn traveled widely to organize the churches in his diocese, developing a structure similar to that of the church in England. His effort brought him into competition with the CMS. Its authority undermined, the CMS expelled Selwyn, and he moved to Auckland.Selwyn refused to accept an extra diocesan church structure for the native Maori people, under CMS control. When he opened the College of St John the Evangelist (commonly known as St. John's College), native students shared classes and other activities with European students, provoking hostility from both settlers and clergy, some of whom boycotted the college.In 1857, after extensive consultations, Selwyn called a constitutional conference that culminated in a Constitution of the Church of the Province of New Zealand. A unique act for its time, Selwyn offered both laity and clergy equal rights to manage the affairs of the church in New Zealand. He subsequently established several new dioceses and appointed new bishops. He assumed the office of primate/metropolitan and held the first general synod in Wellington in 1859.Selwyn accepted responsibility for the vast area of Melanesia, apparently assigned to him due to a clerical error, when the northern boundary of the New Zealand diocese was erroneously recorded as the 34th parallel north of the equator, instead of 34 degrees south. Selwyn began to travel through the region, gathering young people to be educated in New Zealand. In 1861, he consecrated John Coleridge Patteson (1827-71) as the first bishop of Melanesia.Building up enemies in his quarter of a century as head of the New Zealand church, Selwyn was "asked" to give up his post at the 1867 Lambeth Conference, and he returned to England permanently the next year. Once in England, he introduced his ideas on lay leadership to his new Litchfield diocese, where he died on April 11, 1878. Four years after his death, Selwyn College at Cambridge University was founded in his memory and the Theological College in Dunedin, New Zealand, was named after him.See also South Pacific.Further reading:■ F. W. Boreham, George Augustus Sel-wyn, D. D. Pioneer Bishop of New Zealand (London: S. W. Partridge, 1911)■ Allan K. Davidson, Christianity in Aotearoa: A History of Church and Society in New Zealand (Wellington, N.Z.: Education for Ministry, 1997)■ W. E. Limbrick, Bishop Selwyn in New Zealand 1841-68 (Palmerston North, New Zealand: Dunmore Press, 1983)■ H. W. Taylor, Memoir of the Life and Episcopate of George Augustus Selwyn, D. D. Bishop of New Zealand, 1841-1869■ Bishop of Lichfield, 1867-1878, 2 vols. (London: William Wells Gardner, 1879).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
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Selwyn, George Augustus — (1809–78) Bishop and Missionary. Selwyn was educated at the University of Cambridge. In 1841 he was consecrated Missionary Bishop of New Zealand, which diocese initially included Melanesia. The prosperity of the Episcopal Church in New… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Selwyn, George Augustus — ▪ New Zealander bishop born April 5, 1809, Hampstead, London died April 11, 1878, Lichfield, Staffordshire, Eng. first Anglican bishop of New Zealand. Selwyn was educated at Eton and St. John s College, Cambridge. In 1833 he was… … Universalium
SELWYN, GEORGE AUGUSTUS — the first bishop of New Zealand, in which capacity he wrought so zealously, that his diocese, by his extension of Episcopacy, was subdivided into seven; on his return to England he was made bishop of Lichfield (1809 1878) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
George Augustus Selwyn (politician) — For his namesake who became Bishop of New Zealand, see George Selwyn (Bishop of Lichfield). George Augustus Selwyn (11 August 1719–25 January 1791, age 71) was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the Parliament of Great Britain. Contents 1 Life 2… … Wikipedia
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George Augustus Selwyn (MP) — George Augustus Selwyn (11 August, 1719 ndash; 25 January, 1791) was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the Parliament of Great Britain.Selwyn was a man who spent 44 years in the House of Commons without being recorded as making a speech. He put his… … Wikipedia
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George Augustus Selwyn — The Right Reverend George Augustus Selwyn (1809 1878) was the first Anglican Bishop of New Zealand.He was Bishop of New Zealand from 1841 to 1858, Primate of New Zealand from 1858 to 1868 and Bishop of Lichfield from 1868 to 1878.Selwyn was… … Wikipedia
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Selwyn — is originally an Anglo Saxon name, also occasionally spelt Selwin, deriving from Sel (castle/house) wyn/win (friend), roughly meaning friend in the house or friend in the castle .The name Selwyn later became an English surname as well after the… … Wikipedia