Swain, Clara
( 1834-191 0 )
   Methodist missionary
   Clara Swain was born in Elmira, New York, on July 18, 1834. While teaching school, she read correspondence from a female physician noting the need for more women doctors. She moved to Philadelphia to attend the Women's Medical College.
   In 1869, women in the Methodist Episcopal Church (now a constituent part of the United Methodist Church) organized the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, with the idea of extending the Gospel "to women by women." While still studying medicine, Swain heard of the society's plans to send a doctor to India and applied for the position. She was selected and became one of the two first female missionaries commissioned by the society, the other being Isabella Thoburn.
   Swain arrived in Bareilly, India, on January 20, 1870, and immediately went to work. Within the first year, she treated more than 1,300 patients and trained a number of women to assist her. Apart from a three-year furlough (1876-80), she remained at Bareilly until 1884. That year she traveled to Khetri State in Rajputana to treat the Rani Saheba. Her treatment worked, and she was offered a position at court to attend to the health of the women and, in her spare time, operate a clinic and a girls' school. She seized the opportunity to work where Christianity was otherwise not present, without any expense to the society. She stayed in Rajputana for the next 12 years until she retired due to ill health in 1896.
   Swain died on Christmas Day, 1910, in Castile, New York. The work she began in Bareilly as a clinic for women and children evolved into the Clara Swain Hospital, the oldest and largest Methodist hospital in India.
   See also medical missions.
   Further reading:
   ■ Wade Crawford Barclay, History of Methodist Missions, vol. 3, Widening Horizons, 1845-1895 (New York: The Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, 1957)
   ■ Dana L. Robert, ed., Gospel Bearers, Gender Barriers: Missionary Women in the Twentieth Century (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Press, 2002)
   ■ Dorothy Clarke Wilson, Palace of Healing The Story of Dr. Clara Swain, First Woman Missionary Doctor, and the Hospital She Founded (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clara Bow — in Rough House Rosie (1927) Born Clara Gordon Bow July 29, 1905(1905 07 29) Brooklyn, New York, U.S. Died …   Wikipedia

  • Clara Bow — Pour le phénomène internet, voir It girl ; pour la série de livres de Cecily von Ziegesar, voir It Girl Clara Bow Clara Bo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bareilly — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name= Bareilly type= city skyline = A Monument At Bareilly.jpg skyline caption = A Monument At Bareilly locator position= left latd = 28.35 | longd = 79.42 state name= Uttar Pradesh district=Bareilly leader… …   Wikipedia

  • Darter (fish) — Darters Leopard darter, Percina pantherina Scientific classification Kingdom: Animal …   Wikipedia

  • Percidae — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Percidae Perca fluviatilis Clasificación ci …   Wikipedia Español

  • Percidae — Taxobox name = Percidae image width = 250px image caption = Yellow perch ( Perca flavescens ) regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Perciformes familia = Percidae subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision = Ammocrypta… …   Wikipedia

  • Hollywood Walk of Fame/Kategorie Film — A Name Adresse Bud Abbott 1611 Vine Street Art Acord 1709 Vine Street Renée Adorée 1601 Vine Street Philip Ahn 6211 Hollywood Blvd. Frank Albertson 6754 Hollywood Blvd. Rex Allen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cruel Summer — For the Ace of Base album, see Cruel Summer (album). Cruel Summer Single by Bananarama from the album Bananarama …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Wo — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of female composers — The following is a list of female composers, ordered by birthyear.until 1500* Sappho (born c. 612 BCE) * Xosroviduxt ( fl. early 8th century) * Sahakduxt ( fl. early 8th century) * Kassia (c.810–before 867) * Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179) *… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”