- White, Alma
- ( 1862-1946 )Holiness leader and first female bishop in modern timesAlma Birdwell White was born on June 16, 1862, in Louis County, Kentucky. At the age of 16, she had a conversion experience and accepted Christ during a Methodist revival meeting.At the time of her conversion, White also professed a call to the ministry, which Methodist ministers refused to accept. She turned instead to teaching, but eventually married a Methodist ministerial student in Montana. She used her husband's status to begin holding unofficial revival meetings in the relatively tolerant atmosphere of the Rocky Mountains. Her success, however, soon brought condemnation from Methodist authorities on her husband and herself.In 1901, the couple left the Methodist Episcopal Church (now an integral part of the United Methodist Church) and founded a new Holiness denomination, the Methodist Pentecostal Union, later renamed the Pillar of Fire. Alma became its bishop and Arthur her assistant. She received the donation of a tract of land in Zarephath, New Jersey, which became the church's headquarters and the location of their college. It also became the base of their radio ministry in the 1920s.White supported a number of unpopular causes, not the least being the rights of women, on whose behalf she founded a periodical, Women's Chains. She also became a vegetarian. Less to her credit, she was anti-Catholic, a position that led her to support the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s.During her four decades of leadership White built the Pillar of Fire into a national denomination. Following her death on June 26, 1946, she was succeeded by her two sons. Now known as the Pillar of Fire, International, the church has affiliated congregations in England, India, Malawi, Liberia,Nigeria, and Costa Rica.Further reading:■ Susie Cunningham Stanley, Feminist Pillar of Fire: The Life of Alma White (Cleveland, Ohio: Pilgrim Press, 1993)■ Alma White, Looking Back from Beulah (Denver, Colo.: Pentecostal Union, 1902; reprint, Zarephath, N.J.: Pillar of Fire, 1951)■ ----, Radio Sermons and Lectures (Denver, Colo.: Pillar of Fire, 1936); , The Story of My Life and the Pillar of Fire, 6 vols. (Zarephath, N.J.: Pillar of Fire, 1919-34); , Women's Ministry (London: Pillar of Fire, n.d.).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
Look at other dictionaries:
White, Alma Bridwell — ▪ American religious leader née Mollie Alma Bridwell born June 16, 1862, Kinniconick, Lewis county, Ky., U.S. died June 26, 1946, Zarephath, N.J. American religious leader who was a founder and major moving force in the evangelical… … Universalium
Alma Bridwell White — Alma White Alma Bridwell White, née Mollie Alma Bridwell le 16 juin 1862 et morte le 26 juin 1946, est la fondatrice de l église du Pilier de Feu, dont elle a été prêtre de 1918 à sa mort. à ce titre, elle est la première femme à avoir été… … Wikipédia en Français
Alma Bridwell White — Infobox Person name = Alma Bridwell White image size = 250px caption = White circa 1900 1910 birth name = Mollie Alma Bridwell birth date = birth date|1862|6|16|mf=y birth place = Lewis County, Kentucky death date = death date and… … Wikipedia
Alma Karlin — Alma Maximiliana Karlin (12 October 1889 – 15 January 1950), was a Slovene Austrian traveler, writer, poet, collector, hyperpolyglot, and theosophist.She was born in the Styrian town of Celje in what was then the Austro Hungarian Empire as the… … Wikipedia
Alma White College — was founded in 1917 in Zarephath, New Jersey, and closed in 1978. It was the college for the Pillar of Fire Church and was founded by Alma Bridwell White. The college s building was then occupied by the Zarephath Bible Institute; it suffered… … Wikipedia
Alma Hotel Alghero (Alghero) — Alma Hotel Alghero country: Italy, city: Alghero (Alghero) Alma Hotel Alghero Location Located only few minutes from the city centre of Alghero, the Alma Hotel is a characteristic and famous centre of tourist attractions in the Riviera del… … International hotels
Alma Kruger — Dans Dr. Gillespie s New Assistant (1942) Données clés … Wikipédia en Français
Alma Taylor — (* 3. Januar 1895 in London; † 23. Januar 1974 ebenda) war eine britische Schauspielerin. Sie gehörte zu den ersten Stars des britischen Film. Ihr Filmdebüt hatte sie 1909. Bis 1915 trat sie neben Chrissie White als Sally, die Schwester der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
White Pantera — (Rodolfo Rivera) es un personaje de ficción que aparece en la serie de televisión de Nickelodeon El Tigre: Las Aventuras de Manny Rivera. White Pantera es un superhéroe de Ciudad Milagro y el padre de Manny Rivera/El Tigre, el protagonista de la… … Wikipedia Español
Alma (town), Buffalo County, Wisconsin — Alma is a town in Buffalo County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 377 at the 2000 Census. The City of Alma is located within the town.GeographyAccording to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.9… … Wikipedia