- Egypt, a majority Muslim country, is also home to two ancient Christian churches, the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Of approximately 9.5 million Christians in Egypt, more than 8.5 million are members of the Coptic Church.Anglicans initiated activity early in the 19th century, but substantial Protestant work did not begin until 1854, when American representatives of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church began proselytizing Coptic Christians. Their efforts resulted in the founding of the Coptic Evangelical Church, now known as the Evangelical Church-Synod of the Nile. As in other Middle Eastern countries, Protestant growth has been at the expense of Orthodox churches rather than the Muslim community. The Evangelical Church split in 1869, with one offshoot now associated with the Exclusive Plymouth Brethren.The Free Methodist Church began supporting missionaries in Egypt in 1899. Pentecostals made Egypt an early target; their work, now under the Assemblies of God, dates to 1907. For most of the 20th century, missionary success has been largely limited to the expatriate communities. The government expelled foreign missionaries after the 1956 and 1967 wars, causing disruption and a transfer of control to local leadership.The largest Protestant church by far is the Evangelical Church. The Assemblies of God is the only other group with more than 100,000 members. The Free Methodists and the Plymouth Brethren are also active. The Evangelical Church is a member of the World Council of CHURCHEs, and cooperates with Anglican, Catholic, and orthodox churches in the Middle East Council of Churches. several churches have united in the Fellowship of Evangelicals of Egypt, which is affiliated with the World Evangelical Alliance.Further reading:■ Jean-Jacques Bauswein and Lukas Vischer, eds., The Reformed Family Worldwide: A Survey of Reformed Churches, Theological Schools, and International Organizations (Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 1999)■ O. F. A. Meinardus, Christian Egypt: Ancient and Modern (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1977).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
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Egypt — Modern name derived from the Greek Aigyptos for the country comprising the Nile Delta and the Nile Valley up to Elephantine (Aswan) and the adjacent deserts. The Greek name may be derived from the name Hikuptah, which was sometimes used for… … Ancient Egypt
Egypt — • Provides information on history, religion, and literature Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Egypt Egypt † … Catholic encyclopedia
EGYPT — EGYPT, country in N.E. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan. The ancient Egyptians named their land Kemi, the Black Land, while the neighboring Asiatic… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Egypt — steht für: Ägypten (englisch) Egypt (1897), Passagierschiff der britischen Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company Egypt ist der Name folgender Orte: Egypt (Buckinghamshire), Burnham, Buckinghamshire, Großbritannien Egypt (Arkansas),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Egypt — and the people of Israel have tangled together throughout the biblical, medieval, and modern periods. As one of the great civilizations of the ancient world, relatively free from foreign invasions until the arrival of the Assyrians (7th cent.… … Dictionary of the Bible
Egypt — O.E. Egipte, from Fr. Egypte, from Gk. Aigyptos the river Nile, Egypt, from Amarna Hikuptah, corresponding to Egypt. Ha(t) ka ptah temple of the soul of Ptah, the creative god associated with Memphis, the ancient city of Egypt. Strictly one of… … Etymology dictionary
Egypt — Egypt, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 101 Housing Units (2000): 51 Land area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Egypt, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 101 Housing Units (2000): 51 Land area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.368005 sq. miles (0.953129 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Egypt — n. a country at the northeastern corner of Africa. At one time it was joined with Syria to form the United Arab Republic. Syn: United Arab Republic. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
egypt — egypt; egypt·ize; … English syllables