3 Allen, Young J.

Allen, Young J.

   American Methodist missionary in China
   Born on January 3, 1836, in Burke County, Georgia, Young J. Allen was orphaned as a child and raised by Primitive Baptist relatives. He converted to Methodism as a teenager. He later attended Emory and Henry College in Virginia and Emory College in Georgia. Upon his graduation in 1858, he sold his plantation and slaves, married, and was admitted on trial (probationary membership) in the Methodist's Georgia Conference. He also applied for missionary service. In 1860, amid rumors of war, he sailed for China.
   The American Civil War erupted while he was en route. As a result, he (and the several missionaries who had preceded him) heard nothing from church leaders for the next five years. Allen settled in Shanghai, the center of Southern Methodist activity, quickly learned Chinese, and took a job as a teacher and translator for the Chinese government. He is said to have learned Chinese so well that when he gave his first sermon from the text "Arise, and let us go hence" (John 14:31), the entire Chinese congregation arose and headed for the church door.
   Allen quickly became convinced that the major task before the missionary community was breaking down the hostility of the Chinese toward Westerners. He saw education as the major tool, and to that end began to found several small schools and later the Anglo-Chinese College, where he served as president for a decade. The college later merged into Soochow University (also founded by the Southern Methodist Mission).
   Allen established a Methodist press, translated numerous books into Chinese, edited a Chinese newspaper, The Review of the Times, and wrote three books. By the end of the century, he had won the confidence of many Chinese leaders, who called him Lin Lo Chih, and had become a force for change in Chinese society in general.
   Allen occasionally returned to the United States as the representative for the China Conference to the Methodist General Conference. His last visit to the States was in 1907 to attend the Centennial Conference on Missions in China, held to commemorate the pioneering work of Robert Morrison. Allen died in Shanghai on May 30, 1907.
   Further reading:
   ■ Young J. Allen, Diary of a Voyage to China, 1859-1860 (Atlanta, Ga.: Emory University, 1953)
   ■ Adrian Arthur Bennett, III, Missionary Journalism in Nineteenth-century China: Young J. Allen and the early "Wan-Kuo Kung-Pao," 1868-1883 (Davis: University of California, Ph.D. diss., 1970)
   ■ -- "Missionary Journalist in China: Young J. Allen and His Magazines." Georgia Historical Quarterly 67 (1983): 574-76; Walter N. Lacy, A Hundred Years of China Methodism (Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1964)
   ■ Akin Candler Warren, Young J. Allen: The Man Who Seeded China (Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1931).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mount Allen Young — (83°27′S 166°52′E / 83.45°S 166.867°E / 83.45; 166.867) is a prominent pyramidal mountain, 2,755 m, standing just south of Fegley Glacier and west of Lennox King Glacier in …   Wikipedia

  • William Allen Young — (* 15. Januar 1954 in Washington D.C., Vereinigte Staaten) ist ein US amerikanischer Schauspieler und Regisseur. Karriere Sein erste Schauspielrolle hatte Young im Jahre 1979 im Muhammad Ali Film Freedom Road. In den 1980er Jahren folgten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Allen Young — (born 1953 in Washington, D.C) is an African American actor best known to playing a role of Frank Mitchell in Moesha , and made a guest appearance on The Parkers as Frank Mitchell. His other television credits include The Day After , Matlock ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Young John Allen — (January 3, 1836 May 30, 1907) was an American Methodist missionary in late Qing Dynasty China with the American Southern Methodist Episcopal Mission. He is best known in China by his local name Lin Yuezhi (林乐知). Allen s method of missionary work …   Wikipedia

  • Young John Allen — (* 3. Januar 1836 in Burke County, (Georgia); † 30. Mai 1907 in Shanghai) war ein US amerikanischer Missionar in China. Leben Young wuchs als Waisenkind bei Verwandten auf, die ihn im baptistischen Glauben erzogen. Bereits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Young's Brewery — Infobox Brewery name = Young and Co. s Brewery P.L.C. caption = location = Riverside House, Osiers Road, Wandsworth, London SW18 4JD Tel.: 020 8875 7000 E mail: sales@youngs.co.uk owner = AIM Listed and 48% owned by Young s Family Established =… …   Wikipedia

  • Young's — This article is about the pub chain and former brewery. For the producer and distributor of fish and seafood, see Young s Bluecrest. Young and Co. s Brewery P.L.C. Industry Hospitality industry and alcoholic beverages Founded 1831 …   Wikipedia

  • Young, Arthur — SUBJECT AREA: Agricultural and food technology [br] b. 11 September 1741 London, England d. 20 April 1820 Bradford, England [br] English writer and commentator on agricultural affairs; founder and Secretary of the Board of Agriculture (later the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Allen West (Politiker) — Allen West Allen West (* 7. Februar 1961 in Atlanta, Georgia) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Seit 2011 vertritt er den Bundesstaat Florida im US Repräsentantenhaus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allen Boyd — Fred Allen Boyd Jr. (* 6. Juni 1945 in Valdosta, Georgia) ist ein US amerikanischer Farmer, Kriegsveteran und Politiker der Demokratischen Partei. Von 1997 bis 2011 war er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.