3 Grebel, Conrad

Grebel, Conrad

(c. 1498-1526)
   Protestant martyr and advocate of adult baptism
   A writer and religious activist in Zurich, Switzerland, at the very start of the Reformation, Conrad Grebel was one of the first advocates of adult baptism; he helped lay the groundwork for the Radical Reformation. Grebel was born around 1498 into a prominent family of Zurich. He was educated at Basel, vienna, and Paris, where he studied the humanities. In 1522, following a religious awakening, he aligned himself with Ulrich Zwingli, leader of the Reformation in his hometown.
   Grebel was among a small group of Bible students who concluded that the Reformation should oppose the practice of infant baptism. Baptism, Grebel argued, should be reserved for adults who make a profession of faith. In January 1525, at a small meeting at the home of Felix Manz in Zurich, Grebel baptized George Blaurock, who then baptized the others present. Following a public disputation held shortly thereafter, the city council ordered the brethren to either conform or go into exile. Grebel left Zurich. Later, during the summer, Grebel, Blaurock, and Manz were arrested in Grüningen and returned to Zurich, where following two trials they were sentenced to life imprisonment for rebelling against the state's authority.
   in March 1526, the three escaped from their cell in the tower of Zurich. in the meantime, Zurich had instigated the punishment of drowning for their crime. When recaptured, Manz was drowned, but Grebel took ill with the plague and died before he could be captured.
   The more radical phase of the Reformation is generally dated from Grebel's baptism of Blaurock. Grebel is also acknowledged as the intellectual leader of the original Anabaptists, who articulated the ideal of a free church consisting exclusively of those who freely commit themselves to living a godly life. His views would have led to the abandonment of a state church, a concept quite foreign to most Reformation leaders. Grebel's approach survives primarily in the Men-nonite Church. His chief literary legacy is a set of letters that were published in the 20th century
   Further reading:
   ■ Harold Bender, Conrad Grebel: The Founder of the Swiss Brethren, Sometimes Called Anabaptists (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1950)
   ■ Conrad Grebel, The Sources of Swiss Anabaptism: The Grebel Letters and Related Documents, ed. by Leland Harder. Classics of the Radical Reformation (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1985)
   ■ C. Arnold Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology: An Introduction (Kitchener, Ontario: Pandora Press, 1995)
   ■ J. Denny Weaver, Becoming Anabaptist: The Origin and Significance of Sixteenth-Century Anabaptism (scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1987)
   ■ George H. Williams, The Radical Reformation (Kirksville, Mo.: Sixteenth Century Journal, 1992).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grebel, Conrad — (c. 1498–1526)    Denomination Founder.    Grebel was born in Zürich, Switzerland, and was educated at the Universities of Basle, Vienna and Paris. Initially he was a follower of Ulrich zwingli, but became dissatisfied with his teaching. He… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • GREBEL, Conrad — (1498 1526)    leader of the SWISS BRETHREN MOVEMENT out of which the MENNONITES emerged. He was converted to PROTESTANTISM around 1522 and in 1525 founded the ANABAPTIST movement which preached ADULT BAPTISM and advocated what is now known as a… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • GREBEL (C.) — GREBEL CONRAD (1498? 1526) Zurichois appartenant à une famille de notables, Conrad Grebel introduit, avec F. Mantz, l’anabaptisme dans sa ville natale. Il étudie à Bâle, à Vienne (où il rencontre Vadian), à Paris (rencontre de Lefèvre d’Étaples,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grebel — Grebel,   Conrad, schweizerischer Humanist und einer der Begründer des Täufertums, * Zürich um 1498, ✝ Maienfeld (bei Chur) wohl im August 1526; zunächst Anhänger U. Zwinglis, von dem er sich 1523 trennte; führte 1525 die Bekenntnistaufe (Täufer) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Conrad Grebel — For the college, see Conrad Grebel University College. Conrad Grebel (c. 1498–1526), son of a prominent Swiss merchant and councilman, was a co founder of the Swiss Brethren movement and is often called the Father of Anabaptists . Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Conrad Grebel University College — Established 1957 Type Public Religious affiliation Mennonite Undergraduates 142 students Postgraduates …   Wikipedia

  • Conrad Grebel — (1498–1526) est le co fondateur des Brethren de Suisse (ou « Frères suisses ») et considéré comme le « Père des Anabaptistes »[1]. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Conrad Grebel — (Grüningen, 1498 Maienfeld, 1526), fue uno de los fundadores y líderes del anabaptismo suizo. Fue uno de los seis hijos de Junker Jakob Grebel, magistrado de Grüningen (cantón de Zúrich), quien llegó a ser concejal de la ciudad de Zürich, y de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grebel, Konrad — ▪ Swiss religious leader born c. 1498, Zürich died 1526, Maienfeld, Switz.       chief founder of the Swiss Brethren, an Anabaptist movement centred on Zürich.       His humanist education at Basel, Vienna, and Paris led him gradually to oppose… …   Universalium

  • Konrad Grebel — (* um 1498 in Grüningen / Schweiz; † August (?) 1526 in Maienfeld bei Chur) war der Sohn eines bekannten Zürcher Kaufmanns und Ratsherrn. Er gilt als Mitbegründer der Täuferbewegung und wird häufig auch als Täufervater bezeichnet.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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