Judson, Adoniram

   pioneer of American Baptist missions
   Adoniram Judson was born in Malden, Massachusetts, the son of a Congregationalist minister. He attended Brown University and Andover Theological Seminary, where he helped organize a Society of Inquiry, a study group on missions. Following his graduation in 1810, he was among the first group commissioned by the Congregationalist American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions for service in South Asia.
   on their voyage to india in 1812, Judson and his wife decided that the Baptist position on baptism was correct, and they were rebaptized by British Baptist William Carey on their arrival. Shortly thereafter, another Congregationalist missionary, Luther Rice, took the same step. Rice returned home to rally American Baptists to the foreign mission cause. Judson, forced by the British East India Company to leave the country, moved to Rangoon, Burma (now Myanmar). Rice succeeded in organizing the General Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States for Foreign Missions (the first national Baptist organization in the United States). At its initial gathering in 1814, it accepted the Judsons as its first missionary appointments.
   Judson set about the work of evangelism. He and his wife, Ann, mastered Burmese, compiled a dictionary, and began to translate the Bible. Ann went on to learn Thai; her translation of the Gospel of Matthew was the first part of the Bible to appear in that language. Adoniram was jailed in 1824 for 21 months on charges of spying. He was exonerated, but the ordeal sapped the strength of Ann, who died a few months after his release.
   Judson completed the Burmese Bible in 1834, and an enlarged Burmese dictionary in 1849. He died at sea in 1850.
   See also Baptists.
   Further reading:
   ■ Courtney Anderson, To the Golden Shore: The Life of Adoniram Judson (Valley Forge, Pa.: Judson Press, 1987)
   ■ Joan Jacobs Brumberg, Mission for Life: The Story of the Family of Adoniram Judson, the Dramatic Events of the First American Foreign Mission, and the Course of Evangelical Religion in the Nineteenth Century (New York: Free Press-MacMil-lan, 1980)
   ■ Edward H. Fletcher, Records of the Life, Character, and Achievements of Adoniram Judson (New York: Edward H. Fletcher, 1854)
   ■ Howard B. Grosse and Fred P. Hagard, The Judson Centennial 1814-1914: Celebrated in Boston, Mass., June 24-25 in Connection with the Centenary of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society (Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1914).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Judson, Adoniram — (1788–1850)    Missionary.    Judson was born in Malden, Massachusetts, and was educated at Brown University. He was one of the founders of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and was ordained to the Congregational ministry… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Judson, Adoniram — ▪ American missionary born Aug. 9, 1788, Malden, Mass., U.S. died April 12, 1850, at sea, Indian Ocean  American linguist and Baptist missionary in Myanmar (Burma), who translated the Bible into Burmese (Burmese literature) and wrote a now… …   Universalium

  • Judson, Adoniram —    (1788 1850)    An early American Protestant missionary, originally a Congregationalist but affiliated with the Baptist Church before arriving in Burma in 1815. His efforts to convert Burmese Buddhists were largely unsuccessful, and the Burmese …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • JUDSON, ADONIRAM —    Burmese missionary and scholar, born at Maiden, Mass.; sailed for Burma 1812, and for 40 years laboured devotedly, translating the Bible into Burmese, and compiling a Burmese English dictionary; he died at sea on his way home (1788 1850) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Adoniram Judson — (* 9. August 1788 in Malden, (Massachusetts); † 12. April 1850 auf See) war ein US amerikanischer Missionar. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adoniram Judson — Infobox Person name = Adoniram Judson caption = Missionary to Burma birth date = August 9, 1788 birth place = Malden, Massachusetts death date = April 12, 1850 death place = At sea in the Bay of BengalAdoniram Judson, Sr. (9 August 1788 12 April… …   Wikipedia

  • Adoniram Judson Gordon — ( A.J. ) was born in New Hampshire on April 13, 1836. His father, Baptist deacon John Calvin Gordon, was a Calvinist. His mother, Sally Robinson Gordon, was later described by this son as a minister whose family (of twelve children) was her… …   Wikipedia

  • Judson — may refer to:People*Adoniram Judson (1788 1850), the first American missionary abroad *Ann Hasseltine Judson (1789 1826), America s first female Baptist foreign missionary *Edward Judson, American Baptist clergyman *Horace Freeland Judson *Judson …   Wikipedia

  • Judson — ist der Name von Adoniram Judson, (1788–1850) 1. US amerikanischer Missionar im Ausland, danach benannt: Judson University, eine Hochschule in Elgin (Illinois) Andrew T. Judson (1784–1853), US amerikanischer Politiker Ann Hasseltine Judson… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adoniram — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Adoniram J. Holmes (1842–1902), US amerikanischer Politiker Adoniram Judson (1788–1850), US amerikanischer Missionar Henry Adoniram Swift (1823–1869), US amerikanischer Politiker Siehe auch: Abda (Vater des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.