MacKay, George Leslie
- (1844-1901)pioneering Presbyterian missionary in TaiwanGeorge Leslie MacKay was born on March 21, 1844, in Zorra township near Woodstock, Ontario, where his parents had moved from Scotland. He attended Ontario Teachers' College in Toronto and began teaching school, but feeling a call to be a missionary, he dropped his work to attend Knox College (1865-68) and Princeton Theological Seminary (1868-71).MacKay applied to the Mission Board of the Presbyterian Church of Canada and was chosen to be their first foreign missionary. He left for China in 1871. He visited the missionary center along the China coast, but decided to begin work in Taiwan (then called Formosa). Since the American Presbyterians were active in the south, he moved to the northern part of the island and settled in Tamsui, one of four ports that had been opened to foreigners in 1860.He learned Taiwanese and began preaching, assisted by a young scholar and convert named Hoa. The first five Christians were baptized in 1873. Though not a physician, he learned enough medical skills to assist many people, and eventually opened a clinic. He became quite expert at extracting teeth, and reported pulling more than 20,000 in his first 20 years. Concerned about his inability to reach female Taiwanese, he decided to marry a Taiwanese woman as a means of identifying with his flock. In May 1878, he married Chang Tsung-Ming ("Minnie"). His wife became an assistant whose work brought immediate results.Other missionaries came from Canada to assist him, but most lasted only a few years in the climate. MacKay began training local assistants. With money raised on his furlough in Canada in 1880, he began what became MacKay Memorial Hospital, now a large institution. Two years later, he founded what became Tam Kang High School and Taiwan Theological Seminary. In 1884, he opened the first school for girls in Taiwan.At the end of 1893, MacKay returned home for a second furlough, when he was elected moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Canada (1894). He returned to Taiwan in 1895, where he died on June 2, 1901. MacKay oversaw the construction of some 60 chapels and raised up the most significant Protestant work in northern Taiwan prior to the entry of the hundreds of thousands of refugees from China following the Chinese Revolution.See also China: Taiwan.Further reading:■ George Leslie MacKay, From Far Formosa: The Island, Its People, and Mission, ed. by J. A. MacDonald (New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1896)■ R. P. Mackay, Life of George Leslie Mackay, D.D. 1884-1901 (Toronto: Board of Foreign Missions, 1913)■ George A. Malcolm, The Christian Layman in Formosa - One Hundred Years of Christian Witness (Toronto: Toronto School of Graduate Studies, Knox College, Toronto, M.Th. thesis, 1965)■ Keith Marian, [pseudonym of Mary Esther MacGregor], The Black-Bearded Barbarian (New York: Missionary Education Movement of the United States and Canada, 1912).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
Look at other dictionaries:
George Leslie Mackay — (馬偕 or 偕叡理; Pe̍h oē jī: Kai Sūi lí or Má kai; March 21, 1844 – June 2, 1901) was the first Presbyterian missionary to northern Formosa (Taiwan). He served with the Canadian Presbyterian Mission. Mackay is among the best known Westerners to have… … Wikipedia
George Leslie Mackay — (1844 1901) naquit à Zorra en Ontario, au Canada. Il étudia la théologie au lycée Knox de Toronto, au séminaire de Princeton aux États Unis et au lycée d’Édinbourg en Écosse. statue de Mackay à Danshui (Tamsui) … Wikipédia en Français
George Leslie Mackay — Denkmal für Mackay in Ontario George Leslie Mackay (* 21. März 1844 in Zorra, Oxford County (Ontario), Kanada; † 2. Juni 1901 in Tamsui) war der erste Missionar der Presbyterianischen Kirche Kanadas. Er erreichte Taiwan, seine W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mackay — can refer to:*Clan MacKay, the Scottish clan from which the surname MacKay derivesPlaces*Mackay, Queensland, Australia **Mackay Regional Council and the former City of Mackay **Mackay Airport *Mackay, Idaho, United States *Lake Mackay, Western… … Wikipedia
Mackay — oder MacKay ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alan Mackay (* 1926), britischer Physiker Andy Mackay (* 1946), britischer Musiker Æneas Mackay der Jüngere (1839–1909), niederländischer Ministerpräsident Buddy MacKay (* 1933), US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Mackay — could be:* George Leslie Mackay * George Chisholm MacKay, Canadian WWI pilot. * George Mackay (Australian politician), former Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives … Wikipedia
Mackay Memorial Hospital — Infobox Hospital Name = Mackay Memorial Hospital Logo Size = 100px Location = Taipei Country = Taiwan Beds = 1200 (Taipei Main Hospital) Affiliation = Presbyterian Church in Taiwan Certification = Speciality = Founded = 1912 Website =… … Wikipedia
George Drew — George Alexander Drew 14e Premier ministre de l Ontario Mandat 17 août,1943 … Wikipédia en Français
Leslie Morshead — Sir Leslie James Morshead Leslie Morshead in 1941 Nickname Ming the Merciless … Wikipedia
Mackay Trophy — The Mackay Trophy on display at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC. The Mackay Trophy was established on 27 January 1911 by Clarence Hungerford Mackay, who was then head of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company and the Commercial… … Wikipedia