- The Moravian Church traces its history to John Hus (1373-1415), who tried to reform the church in Bohemia and Moravia a century before Martin Luther, and was burned at the stake for heresy. Hus's followers were known as the Unitas Fratrum (United Brethren) for two centuries. In 1620, the Habsburg rulers decided to destroy the remaining Hussite community and won a significant victory at the Battle of White Mountain on November 8 of that year. Many Hussites fled to Poland, but the largest group eventually settled in the 1720s on the German lands of Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf (1700-60), where they founded the town of Herrnhut.At Herrnhut, Zinzendorf helped reorganize the community, which in 1727 accepted a new rule for ordering their common life. In 1735, they were able to secure episcopal orders from Daniel Ernest Jablonski (1660-1741), who received them from the Polish Moravians. Two years later, Zinzendorf was consecrated; in 1745, the Church of England recognized the Moravian orders as legitimately apostolic.At Herrnhut, the Moravians became aware of the new Pietism movement centered on Halle, and found in it a spiritual resonance. The Moravians' pietism was later transmitted to John Wesley, the founder of Methodism.Moravians played a disproportionate role in creating the global Protestant missionary effort. In 1731, they encountered a slave named Anthony, who informed them of the deplorable living conditions of Africans in the Caribbean and their need for Christian nurture. A year later, John Leonhard Dober (1706-60) and David Nitschmann (1676-1758) left to begin work on St. Thomas. Missionaries were later sent to Greenland (1733), the British American colonies (1836), and South Africa (1737), and still later to Labrador, South America, and Egypt. The Moravians were decades ahead of other churches in promoting the missionary enterprise.Following Zinzendorf's death, the Moravians formed a General Synod as the highest authority in the church. As the church grew, it established semiautonomous provinces, the first in 1857: Europe, England, northern United States, and southern United States. Over the next century, additional provinces were established in Jamaica,Ireland, southern Africa, Suriname, Tanzania, and the eastern Caribbean. Each of these now exists as an autonomous body, and each is a member of the World Council of Churches. The European Continental Province has its headquarters in the Netherlands. There are approximately half a million Moravians worldwide.Further reading:■ J. Taylor Hamilton and Kenneth G. Hamilton, History of the Moravian Church: The Renewed Unitas Fratrum, 1722-1957 (Bethlehem, Pa.: Interprovincial Board of Christian Education, 1967)■ Edwin A. Sawyer, All about the Moravians (Bethlehem, Pa./Winston-Salem, N.C.: Moravian Church in America, 1990)■ John R. Weinlick, Count Zinzendorf: The Story of His Life and Leadership in the Renewed Moravian Church (New York: Abingdon Press, 1956); , The Moravian Church through the Ages (Bethlehem, Pa./Winston-Salem, N.C.: Moravian Church in America, 1996).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
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Moravian Church — [mə reɪvjən tʃəːtʃ, englisch; von mittellateinisch Moravia »Mähren«], Name der Brüdergemeine in England und Nordamerika … Universal-Lexikon
Moravian Church — This page is about the Moravian Church globally. For information about the church in a particular geographic area, use the links at Organisation below. The seal of the Moravian Church featuring the Agnus Dei. (Stained glass at the Rights Chapel… … Wikipedia
Moravian Church — Protestant denomination founded in the 18th century. It traces its origins to the Unity of Brethren, a 15th century Hussite movement in Bohemia and Moravia. The original Brethren movement was eroded by persecution, but it was renewed in 1722 at… … Universalium
Moravian Church — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Die Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine (auch: Erneuerte Brüder Unität, englisch Moravian Church) ist eine aus dem Pietismus und der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Moravian Church — /məreɪviən ˈtʃɜtʃ/ (say muhrayveeuhn cherch) noun a Protestant church with close links to the Lutheranism originating in Moravia in 1722 … Australian English dictionary
Moravian Church (Oliphant's Mill, New Jersey) — Moravian Church U.S. National Register of Historic Places New Jersey Register of Historic Places … Wikipedia
Moravian Church music — The Moravian musical tradition in America began with the earliest Moravian settlers in the first half of the 18th century. These Moravians were members of a well established church – officially called Unitas Fratrum or Unity of Brethren – that by … Wikipedia
Moravian Church Foundation — The Moravian Church Foundation is a non profit foundation connected with the Moravian Church. Its head office is in Amsterdam. History The foundation traces its roots to 1754 when two tailors were sent to Suriname as unsupported missionaries. To… … Wikipedia
Moravian Church in America — Dieser Artikel oder Absatz stellt die Situation in Deutschland dar. Hilf mit, die Situation in anderen Ländern zu schildern. Die Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine (auch: Erneuerte Brüder Unität, englisch Moravian Church) ist eine aus dem Pietismus und der … Deutsch Wikipedia
American Provinces of the Moravian Church — First Moravian Church, New York City. The Moravian Church in America is part of the world wide Moravian Church Unity. It dates from the arrival of the first Moravian missionaries to the United States in 1735, from their Herrnhut settlement in… … Wikipedia