In 1648, by the treaty of Westphalia, Holland took control of the Caribbean island of Aruba from Spain, which was grouped with the nearby islands of Curacao and Bonaire to form the Netherlands Antilles. Raising horses and cattle became the dominant industry, rather than plantation agriculture, and the need for slave labor never developed as it did elsewhere in the region. People of African heritage constitute some 12 percent of the island's population. It separated from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986, but remains a Dutch dependency.
   Erom its pre-Dutch days, a majority of the islands residents (over 80 percent currently) have been Roman Catholic. The Dutch introduced the Reformed Church, which is still the largest Protestant body, and the United Protestant Church of Aruba (having absorbed the small Lutheran movement that also came to the island from Holland).
   A spectrum of Protestant and Eree Church groups arrived in the 20th century, mostly after World War II. Of these groups, the Jehovah's Witnesses and the Assemblies of God (a Pentecostal body) are the only groups to attract as many as 1,000 members.
   See also Caribbean.
   Further reading:
   ■ David Barrett, The Encyclopedia of World Christianity, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)
   ■ Patrick Johnstone and Jason Mandryk, Operation World, 21st Century Edition (Carlisle, Cumbria, U.K.: Paternoster, 2001).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aruba — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Antillas Neerlandesas. Aruba …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aruba — Aruba …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arūba — (Orua, Oruba), unbewohnte Insel westlich von Curacao, zur Antillengruppe gehörig, gute Viehweiden u. Station der Schmuggler. Hier wurden 1824 u. 1826 bedeutende Goldlager entdeckt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aruba — Aruba, niederländisch westind. Insel, vor dem Golfe von Maracaibo, 30 km von der Küste von Venezuela, 165 qkm mit (1899) 9349 Einw. (meist katholische Mischlinge). Die bis 183 m hohe, aus Diorit und Korallenkalk bestehende Insel ist wasserarm und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aruba — Arūba (Oruba, holländ. Aroeba), niederländ. Insel im N. von Venezuela, 165 qkm, (1902) 8984 E.; Phosphatlager und Salz; Hauptort Oranjestad …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aruba — es una isla de las Pequeñas Antillas, la más occidental del grupo de Sotavento a 31 Km. de la península de Paraguaná, Venezuela * * * ► Isla holandesa del archipiélago de las Pequeñas Antillas, grupo de Sotavento; 193 km2 y 65 800 h. Cap.,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aruba — île des Petites Antilles, face aux côtes du Venezuela, naguère néerl., autonome dep. 1986; 193 km²; 60 274 hab.; cap. Oranjestad. Raff. de pétrole. Tourisme. Indépendance prévue en 1996 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aruba — an island in the Caribbean Sea, just north of Venezuela.It is a ↑dependency of the Netherlands but has its own government. Population: 70,000 (2001). Capital: Oranjestad …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • aruba — s. f. 1. Arbusto simarubáceo da Guiana. 2. Quássia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Aruba — Arubà dkt …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • Aruba — [ə ro͞o′bə] self governing island in the Caribbean, off the NW coast of Venezuela, under the protection of the Netherlands: formerly (until 1986) part of the Netherlands Antilles: 75 sq mi (194 sq km); pop. 69,000 Aruban adj., n …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.