- Temple, William
- ( 1881-1944 )Anglican theologian and church leaderWilliam Temple was raised in the Church of England; his father, Frederick Temple, served as bishop of London (1885-92) and archbishop of Canterbury (1892-1902). After studying at Oxford, Temple taught philosophy there at Queen's College (1907-10), during which time he was ordained a priest. In 1908, he became headmaster of Repton School and four years later began a lengthy tenure as rector of St. James Piccadilly, a large church in central London. While at St. James, he wrote the first of his several books, Mens Creatrix (1917). He was a strong advocate of greater self-governance for the Church of England and won a partial victory in 1919 when the church's assembly was established.Temple was named bishop of Manchester in 1921, archbishop of York in 1929, and archbishop of Canterbury in 1942. He wrote his most important book while at York, Nature, Man, and God (1934), originally delivered as the Gifford Lectures at the University of Glasgow.Temple's ecumenical career began in 1924 with his chairmanship of the Conference on Christian Politics, Economics and Citizenship that met in Birmingham, England. In 1928, he drafted the statement accepted by the Jerusalem Missionary Conference. He went on to chair the 1937 Faith and Order Conference in Edinburgh in 1937, where it was decided to found the World Council of Churches. The next year he was elected chairman of the first provisional conference to create the WCC.Temple died during World War ii.Further reading:■ F A. Iremonger, William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury, His Life and Letters (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1948)■ William Temple, Christus Veritus (London: Macmillan, 1924)■ ----, Mens Creatrix (London: Macmillan, 1917)■ ----, Nature, Man and God (London/New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's, 1934).
Encyclopedia of Protestantism. Gordon Melton. 2005.
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Temple, William — (1881–1944) Archbishop and Theologian. Temple was the son of Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury between 1896 and 1902. He was educated at the University of Oxford, but his ordination was delayed because his views on the virgin birth … Who’s Who in Christianity
Temple, William — ▪ archbishop of Canterbury born Oct. 15, 1881, Exeter, Devonshire, Eng. died Oct. 26, 1944, Westgate on Sea, Kent archbishop of Canterbury who was a leader in the ecumenical movement (ecumenism) and in educational and labour reforms.… … Universalium
TEMPLE, William — (1881 1944) English theologian and philosopher who became ARCHBISHOP of CANTERBURY and had a passionate interest in SOCIAL JUSTICE. His books include Nature, Man and God (1934) and Christianity and the Social Order (1942) … Concise dictionary of Religion
William Temple (politicien) — William Temple (homme politique) Pour les articles homonymes, voir William Temple. William Temple Sir William Temple (né le 25 avril … Wikipédia en Français
William temple (homme politique) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir William Temple. William Temple Sir William Temple (né le 25 avril … Wikipédia en Français
William Temple (Gouverneur) — William Temple William Temple (* 28. Februar 1814 im Queen Anne’s County, Maryland; † 28. Mai 1863 in Smyrna, Delaware) war ein US amerikanischer Händler und Politiker. Er gehörte zunächst der Whig Party an und wechselte sp … Deutsch Wikipedia
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William Blathwayt — (or Blathwayte) (1649? August 1717) was a civil servant and politician who established the War Office as a department of the British Government and played an important part in administering the Thirteen Colonies of North America.Born in the… … Wikipedia
TEMPLE (W.) — TEMPLE WILLIAM (1628 1699) D’origine irlandaise, l’un des plus éminents serviteurs de la Couronne anglaise à l’époque de la Restauration. En fait, sa carrière a été triple. Diplomate habile, William Temple a attaché son nom, entre 1665 et 1678, à … Encyclopédie Universelle