White, Ellen G.

White, Ellen G.
( 182 7-1915 )
   cofounder of Seventh-day Adventist Church
   Ellen Gould Harmon White was born on November 26, 1827, at Gorham, Maine. She was raised as a Methodist, and in 1842 had a conversion experience and joined the church. At just that time, enthusiasm was sweeping the country over William Miller's predictions about Christ's imminent return. Ellen's family identified with the movement, were disfellowshipped by the Methodists, and then had to suffer through the Great Disappointment when the predictions were not fulfilled.
   Ellen was one of those who rallied the discouraged Adventists. She told audiences that Christ had indeed returned in 1844, but had immediately moved into the heavenly sanctuary, which he was now cleansing. As soon as that task was completed, he would appear visibly.
   Ellen soon met James White (1821-81), and they married in 1846. From their encounter with Seventh-day Baptists, they introduced Sabbatarianism to the Adventist community. For the next two decades, Adventism would remain a very fluid movement. White influenced the process with her advocacy of Sabbath worship and then her emergence as a visionary and prophetess. The periodical her husband founded became her mouthpiece, and she wrote many pamphlets and books. In 1851, the couple moved to Battle Creek, Michigan, which became the center of the movement coalescing around Ellen White.
   The Seventh-day Adventist Church was formally organized in 1863. As the leader of the church for 50 years, she wrote 25 books and some 200 shorter works. She was revered as a biblical interpreter and a prophet/visionary. Her prophetic works are still considered authoritative within the church, though opinion differs as to how they should be used. She imparted her missionary zeal to the church, which carried it into more than 200 countries as the 21st century began.
   White died on July 16, 1915 at St. Helena, California.
   A controversy surfaced in the late 1970s, when the Adventist scholar Ronald L. Numbers wrote a book suggesting purely mundane explanations for the supposed supernatural experiences that underlay the prophecies. A number of books subsequently appeared defending White.
   Further reading:
   ■ Francis D. Nichol, Ellen G. White and Her Critics (Takoma Park, Md.: Review & Herald Publishing, 1951)
   ■ Ronald L. Numbers, Prophetess of Health: A Study of Ellen G. White (New York: Harper & Row, 1976, rev. ed., Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992)
   ■ Ellen G. White, Early Writings of Ellen G. White (1882; reprint, Washington, D.C.: Review & Herald Publishing 1945)
   ■ ----, The Great Controversy Between Christ and Satan (1911; reprint, Mountain View, Calif.: Pacific Press Publishing, 1950)
   ■ ----, Life Sketches of Ellen G. White. (1915, reprint, Mountain View, Calif.: Pacific Press Publishing, 1943).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • White, Ellen Gould Harmon — ▪ American religious leader née  Ellen Gould Harmon  born Nov. 26, 1827, Gorham, Maine, U.S. died July 16, 1915, St. Helena, Calif.       American religious leader who was one of the founders of the Seventh day Adventist Church ([ref dict=… …   Universalium

  • White, Ellen Gould — (1827–1915)    Sect Founder.    White was born Ellen Gould in Maine, in the United States of America, of a Methodist family. In the 1840s they joined William miller’s new Adventist sect. At the age of nineteen she married Elder James White and… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Ellen G. White Estate — Ellen G. White Estate, Incorporated (la fondation Ellen G. White), ou simplement le White Estate, est l organisation officielle fondée par Ellen White qui préserve et supervise la diffusion de ses écrits pour l Eglise adventiste du septième jour …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ellen G. White — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ellen G. White Ellen White en 1899 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ellen G. White — Ellen White Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ellen et White. Ellen Gould White (26 novembre 1827 – 16 juillet 1915) fondatrice avec quelques amis de de l Église Adventiste du Septième Jour dont les écrits sont considérés… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ellen G. White — Ellen Gould Harmon White (* 26. November 1827 in Gorham, Maine als Ellen Gould Harmon; † 16. Juli 1915 in Elmshaven, Kalifornien) war eine Mitbegründerin der Kirche der Siebenten Tags Adventisten. Die meiste Zeit ihres Lebens verbrachte sie in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • White (surname) — White is a surname. In the 1990 United States Census, White ranked fourteenth among all reported surnames in frequency, accounting for 0.28% of the population. [United States Census Bureau (9 May 1995). . Retrieved on 2008 07 04.] A list of… …   Wikipedia

  • WHITE (E. G.) — WHITE ELLEN GOULD (1827 1915) Par ses «inspirations» et son activité, Ellen Gould Harmon, qui épousa le prédicateur James White (1821 1881), donna une impulsion décisive au mouvement des Adventistes du septième jour. Née dans le Massachusetts,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ellen White — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ellen et White.  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Ellen White (footballeuse).  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ellen G. White — ; ] In this text Numbers argues that her understanding of health reform was simply plagiarized from other health reformers and therefore did not come from divine revelation. Also, there are parallels between her descriptions of heavenly visions… …   Wikipedia

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